35th SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST — Tone 2.
Translation of the Relics of St. John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople (438). New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia.
Translation of the Relics of St. John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople
Saint John Chrysostom This great ecumenical teacher and hierarch died in the city of Comana in the year 407 on his way to a place of exile. He had been condemned by the intrigues of the empress Eudoxia because of his daring denunciation of the vices ruling over Constantinople. The transfer of his venerable relics was made in the year 438, thirty years after the death of the saint during the reign of Eudoxia’s son emperor Theodosius II (408-450).
Saint John Chrysostom had the warm love and deep respect of the people, and grief over his untimely death lived on in the hearts of Christians. Saint John’s disciple, Saint Proclus, Patriarch of Constantinople (434-447), during services in the Church of Hagia Sophia, preached a sermon praising Saint John. He said, “O John, your life was filled with sorrow, but your death was glorious. Your grave is blessed and reward is great, by the grace and mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ O graced one, having conquered the bounds of time and place! Love has conquered space, unforgetting memory has annihilated the limits, and place does not hinder the miracles of the saint.”
Those who were present in church, deeply touched by the words of Saint Proclus, did not allow him even to finish his sermon. With one accord they began to entreat the Patriarch to intercede with the emperor, so that the relics of Saint John might be brought back to Constantinople.
The emperor, overwhelmed by Saint Proclus, gave his consent and gave the order to transfer the relics of Saint John. But those he sent were unable to lift the holy relics until the emperor realized that he had sent men to take the saint’s relics from Comana with an edict, instead of with a prayer. He wrote a letter to Saint John, humbly asking him to forgive his audacity, and to return to Constantinople. After the message was read at the grave of Saint John, they easily took up the relics, carried them onto a ship and arrived at Constantinople.
The coffin with the relics was placed in the Church of Holy Peace (Hagia Eirene). When Patriarch Proclus opened the coffin, the body of Saint John was found to be incorrupt. The emperor approached the coffin with tears, asking forgiveness for his mother, who had banished Saint John. All day and night people did not leave the coffin.
In the morning the coffin was brought to the Church of the Holy Apostles. The people cried out, “Father, take up your throne.” Then Patriarch Proclus and the clergy standing by the relics saw Saint John open his mouth and say, “Peace be to all.” Many of the sick were healed at his tomb.
The celebration of the transfer of the relics of Saint John Chrysostom was established in the ninth century.
TROPARIA AND KONTAKIA
Troparion of the Sunday, Tone 2
When Thou didst descend to death, O Life immortal, / Thou didst slay hell with the splendor of Thy godhead! / And when from the depths Thou didst raise the dead, / all the powers of heaven cried out: / O Giver of life, Christ our God, glory to Thee!
Troparion of the saint, tone 8
Grace shining forth from your lips like a beacon has enlightened the universe; / It has shone to the world the riches of poverty; / It has revealed to us the heights of humility. / Teaching us by your words, O Father John Chrysostom, / Intercede before the Word, Christ our God, to save our souls.
Kontakion of the saint, tone 6
Having received divine grace from heaven, / You teach all men to adore the one God in three persons. / O all-blessed John Chrysostom, we rightly praise you, / For you are our teacher, revealing things divine!
Kontakion of the Sunday, Tone 2
Hell became afraid, O Almighty Savior, / seeing the miracle of Thy Resurrection from the tomb! / The dead arose! Creation, with Adam, beheld this and rejoiced with Thee! / And the world, O my Savior, praises Thee forever.
Colossians 3:12-16 (Epistle)
- Therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, put on tender mercies, kindness, humility, meekness, longsuffering;
- bearing with one another, and forgiving one another, if anyone has a complaint against another; even as Christ forgave you, so you also must do.
- But above all these things put on love, which is the bond of perfection.
- And let the peace of God rule in your hearts, to which also you were called in one body; and be thankful.
- Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom, teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.
Matthew 25:14-30 (Gospel)
- For the kingdom of heaven is like a man traveling to a far country, who called his own servants and delivered his goods to them.
- And to one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one, to each according to his own ability; and immediately he went on a journey.
- Then he who had received the five talents went and traded with them, and made another five talents.
- And likewise he who had received two gained two more also.
- But he who had received one went and dug in the ground, and hid his lord’s money.
- After a long time the lord of those servants came and settled accounts with them.
- So he who had received five talents came and brought five other talents, saying, ‘Lord, you delivered to me five talents; look, I have gained five more talents besides them.’
- His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.’
- He also who had received two talents came and said, ‘Lord, you delivered to me two talents; look, I have gained two more talents besides them.’
- His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant; you have been faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.’
- Then he who had received the one talent came and said, ‘Lord, I knew you to be a hard man, reaping where you have not sown, and gathering where you have not scattered seed.
- And I was afraid, and went and hid your talent in the ground. Look, there you have what is yours.’
- But his lord answered and said to him, ‘You wicked and lazy servant, you knew that I reap where I have not sown, and gather where I have not scattered seed.
- So you ought to have deposited my money with the bankers, and at my coming I would have received back my own with interest.
- Therefore take the talent from him, and give it to him who has ten talents.
- For to everyone who has, more will be given, and he will have abundance; but from him who does not have, even what he has will be taken away.
- And cast the unprofitable servant into the outer darkness. There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’